First of all, let’s simplify it.
Google plus local pages lets you control maps.
Google plus business pages are essentially Google plus pages. If you are using it for business purpose, then it is called Google plus business pages.
I don’t think anyone is confused at this point.
Now let’s read few blog posts about this topic. For example, let’s do a search for “google plus vs google places”.
The top result shows a post with title “Google Places for Business vs. Google + local” …… WHAT?
This is in no way the blog author’s fault. Google has been changing their local strategy, trying to consolidate their services and now Google + Local is called Google My Business.
So to clarify
Google Places for Business = Google plus page (used for business purpose)
Google + local = Google My Business as of June 11, 2014
I am sorry what? I am still confused!
For those of you still confused, Google + allows you to create a personal account (just like Facebook), then you can create Google + pages (Just like Facebook pages).
Google + local (now Google My Business) let’s you control listings on Google maps. It used to come with a Google + style page that is linked from the Google map listing, which allows you to interact with users.
Now that Google + local has been completely updated to Google My Business, every listing on Google map has a Google + page (not a style page any more) connected to it, so when you claim a listing, you automatically get a Google + page for that listing also.
For example, a Panera Bread Google map listing shown below is linked to its Google + Style page (when you click on where the red arrow is pointing)
So what will happen to my Google + page (for my business)?
It will remain a separate entity. Even though you could control it through a Google My Business account (if you use the same Google account to sign up for Google + and Google My Business), the Google + page is separate….. at least for now anyways.